Origin of Name of District

The district of Raebareli, which was created by the British in 1858, is named after its headquarters town. Tradition has it that the town was founded by the Bhars and was known as Bharauli or Barauli which in course of time got corrupted into Bareli. The prefix, Rae, is said to be a corruption of Rahi, a village 5km. west of the town. It is also said that the prefix, Rae, represents Rae, the common title of the Kayasths who were masters of the town for a considerable period of time.
Since about the begining of the media level period of indian history the region in the south of which the area covered by the district of Raebareli lies has been known as avadh or subhah of avadh. In the north it streched as far as the foothills of the Himmalays and in the south as far as the Ganga beyond which lay the Vatsa country. There is no doubt that the district has been civilised and settled life since very early times.
The Quit India movement was inagurated on August 8, 1942 and the district did not lag behind any others. Again there was mass arrests, imposition of collective fines, lathi charges and police firing. At Sareni the police opened fire at an agitated crowed, killing and maiming many. The people of this district enthusiastically respond to the call of individual Satyagragha and large numbers courted arrest. At last, on August 15,1947, the country shook off the foreign yoke and achieved its long-awaited independence. Raebareli celeberated the event with benefiting glee and rejoicing in every home along with the rest of the country.
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Samaspur Bird Santuary

Samaspur Bird Santuary is situated in Rohaniya Development block of the district, about 122 k.m from Lucknow on Lucknow-Varanasi highway. It was established in 1987 on a total area of about 799.371 hectare. Nearest railway station is Unchahar and the nearest airport is Fursatganj, Raebareli.The best period of visit is from November to March. More than 250 varieties of birds can be seen here.Some of the birds come here from a distance of 5000 k.m. which include Greleg Googe, Pin Tail, Common Teel, Vision, Showler, Surkhab etc. Local birds include Comb Duck, Whistling Teel, Spot Bill, Spoon Bill, King Fisher, Vulture etc. Twelve varieties of fish are there in the lake at Samaspur.
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Dalmau

Dalmau is situated on the banks of Holy Ganga and is famous since ancient times. It has been the Historical town of the district. Prominent palces at Dalmau are King Dal's fort, Bara Math, Mahesh Giri Math, Nirala memorial Institute, A well constructed by Ebrahim Sharki, Palace of Nawab Shuza-ud-daula, Baithak of Alhaa Udal, Dalmau Pump canal etc.
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Prominent Personalities : LITERATURE

MAHARISHI GARG

Belong to Dwapar yug. His ashram known as garg ashram which is now known as Gaigasoon villiage. The baptism of lord Krishna was performed in Gokul by MAHARISHI GARG. His famous literary composition is Gargsanhita related to Lord Krishna.

MULLAH DAUD

Belong to the period of Feroz Shah Tuglaq. He used to run a Pathshala at Dalmau. His famous hindi script is Chandaayan which is love story of chanda & lorik.

DAALABHYA RISHI

His ashram was on the bank of river Ganga in dalmau his composition is Dalabhyasanhita.

MALIK MOHAMMED JAISI

He belonged to the period of Sher Shah Suri. Among his 21 compositions Padmavat, Akhravat, Akhri kalam, Kahra Nama are famous.

PANDIT SUKH DEO MISHRA (1630-1703)

His famous compositions are Vratt Vichar, Chhand Vichar, Fazilali Prakash, Rasaardav, Shringaar Lata.

Pt. MAHAVEER PRASAD DWIVEDI (1900-1935)

He was born in a village Daulat pur in Raebareli. He is the father of Modern Hindi (Khari Boli) & was the editor of famous hindi magzine of that period Saraswati and has composed various prose and poetries. Which are still in the hindi curriculam of modern education.

ACHARYA MRITYUNJAY

His works are related to Sanskrit Vyakaran. For the publicity of Sanskrit language he established a Gurukul.

MAHA KAVI SURYA KANT TRIPATHI "NIRALA" (1897-1961)

He got inspiration of hindi poetries in his in-laws place Dalmau, though he was born in UNNAO. His famous compositions are Chaturi Chamar, Kulli Bhat, Aparaa, Ram ki Shakti Pooja, Saroj Smariti. There is a Nirala Memorial Institutes in his memory at Dalmau.
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Flora & Fauna

FLORA

About the 13th century the greater part of the district was covered with extensive forests and in the clear spaces brick dwellings and scattered bamlets of the Bhars were only evidences of human life. During the period of second world war and thereafter in furtherranceof the grow more food campaign, forest in the district were recklessly cut down. The areas of such land already planted with trees like dhak, khair, babul, shishum, neem, vilayti babul, arjuna, kanji, siras, eucalyptus, mango and jamun are 544 hectares in tehsil Raebareli, 500 Hectares in tehsil salon, 348 hectares in tehsil Dalmau and 61 hectares in tahsil Maharajganj.

GROVES

Groves in the district consist mostly of mango and mahua trees. Tahsil Salon had the largest percentage of its area under groves viz: 8.5%. In 1903 the area covered by the groves diminished to 33,412 hectares. In 1968-69 the area under groves in the district was 28,472 hectares, of which an area of 9,056 hectares lay in tahsil Dalmau, 7,557 hectares in tahsil Maharajganj, 6,611 hectares in tahsil Salon and 5,247 hectares in tahsil Raebareli.

FAUNA

Wild animals have greatly decreased in number and variety in the district during the past century. Tigers and wild buffalos were found in the tamarisk jungles and along the banks of the ganga. The wild boar is seldom seen. The indian antelope has been declared a protected species in the district.

BIRDS

The birds of the district are similar to those of the adjoing districts. The chief game of birds found are several varieties of ducks, patridges and pigeons. The pink headed has become extinct.Green pigeons are becoming rare due to felling of fruit and berry trees. The red headed parrot was formely extensively netted for the sake of its plumage. its skin being sent to kanpur for export to Europe.

REPTILES

Different varities of snakes and other reptiles are found everywhere in the district especially in the rural areas. Some snakes are harmless but some are deadly e.g.,the cobra, krait and rat snake. The other reptiles found in the district are the chameleon, geeko and moniter lizard, at the last, becoming extinct due to netting and shooting, protected species.

FISH

Fish are found in the rivers, ponds, canals and artificial reservoirs of the district. About 36 species of fish have been found in this district so far, the chief being the rohu (Labeo rohita), Tengra (Mystas seenghala), parhan (wallagonia attu), mangur(clarius batrachus), saul(ophiocephelus spp.), nain(cirrhina mrigala).

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SAI

This river, which is a teritory of the Gomti, rises in the Hardoi district and for a considerable portion of its course separates the districts of Lucknow and Unnao. Bending south and passing to the west of the town of Raebareli, it turns east, striking the southern border of the old catonment in the city. It passes out Raebareli at village kanhpur in pargana Salon. The total course of the river in the district is about 100 kms.in length. The banks of sai are and in many places precipitous.

TRIBUTERIES OF THE SAI KATHWARA NAIYA

This stream rises in the north east of village Johwa sarkiin tehsil Raebareli, near the southern boundary of pargana Bachhrawan.

MAHARAJ GANJ NAIYA
This stream rises in the jhil tract of pargana Kumharawn in the north of the district and takes a winding course generally in the southerly direction.

NASIRABAD NAIYA
This stream, also known as only naiya, Rises on the confines of the Mohanlal ganj and Rokha jais pargana & flows south past the village of Nasirabad, after which it is named.

BASAHA
This steram takes it origin in a series of swamps in pargana Khiron. Like the other streams, it is dry during the hot weather, but in the rainy season it assumes rather formidable proportion. SOH It is small stream which has its origin in the lakes in the south of pargana Maurawan in the district Unnao.

SEMRAUTA NAIYA
In northern part of the district there is a small stream known asthe Semrauta Naiya, a teritory of the Gomti. It forms the boundary between parganasamrauta on the west and pargana Inhauna on the east.
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Geography

LOCATION & BOUNDARIES

The district is irregular in shape but fairly compact. It forms a part of the lucknow Division and lies between Latitude 25° 49' North and 26° 36' North and Longitude 100° 41' East and 81° 34' East. On the North it is bounded by tehsil mohanlal ganj of district Lucknow and tehsil haider gargh of district Barabanki, on the east by tehsil Mussafir Khana of district Sultanpur and on the south east by pargana Ateha and the Kunda tehsil of district Pratap Gargh. The southern boundary is formed by the Ganga which separates it from the district of Fateh pur. On the west lies the purwa tehsil of district Unnao.

AREA

Acoording to the 1991 census the area of the district was 4,609 sq. km. The area is liable to vary every year by reason of the action of the Ganga, for a small variation in the deep stream of the river makes a very noticable change in the area of the district, which occupies the thirty fourth place in size among the districts of the State.

TOPOGARPHY

The district,as a whole, is fairly compact tract of gently undulating land. The elevation varies from about 120.4 m. above sea level in the north west to 86.9 m. above sea level in the extereme south east, on the banks of the Ganga. The hightest points are the crowns of the watersheds of the different drainage channel which serve to divide the district into five main physical units, The ganga Khadar, the ganag upland, the southern clay tract, the central tract or the sai upland and the Northern clay tarct.

RIVER SYSTEM AND WATER RESOURCES

The district is drainned by the ganga, the sai and their tributeries althrough some of them join the main straem after passing the confines of the district.


GEOLOGY

The district forms a part of the Gangetic plan which is of recent origin according to geological chronology and revela ordinary gangetic alluvium. The district being apart of the alluvial plain conferm to the same geological sequence as the plain itself. The only mineral of importance is kankar. The district is also noted for its deposits of reh and brick earth.


CLIMATE

As stated earlier this district lies in the vast Gangetic plains of north india at an elevation of 100 to 120 metres, sloping gently to south east. Relief from the summer heat arrives with the mansoon in second half of June, through the weather may often remain sultry. The winter sets in November and last upto February Generally.

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